Perennial herb from a slender rhizome; flowering stems 4-15 (20) cm tall, hairy.
Basal leaves 2 or 3, oblanceolate to oblong or elliptic, 10-25 cm long, 3-7 cm wide, sheathing at the base, shiny and slightly fleshy, variably long-soft-hairy beneath, the margins entire, hairy; stem leaves lacking, bracts 1 or 2.
Inflorescence of solitary or rarely 2, erect flowers atop a leafless, 1- to 2-bracted, hairy stalk; flowers white, hairy, bell-shaped, about 2 cm long, of 6 similar, distinct tepals; stamens 6, the filaments loosely woolly-hairy; pistil 1, 2- or 3-chambered.
Berries, globe- to egg-shaped, metallic blue, 6-12 mm long; seeds 10 to 15, black.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|BAFA(1), BWBS(5), CWH(1047), ESSF(1839), ICH(4034), IDF(242), MH(120), MS(421), SBPS(37), SBS(1604), SWB(1)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Smilacina borealis var. uniflora Menzies ex Schult. & Schult. f.