E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. var. maculata
spotted coralroot
Orchidaceae (Orchid family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Bryan Kelly-McArthur  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #79059)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata
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Species Information

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Perennial, saprophytic herb from coral-like rhizomes; stems (15) 20-55 cm tall, red to yellow-brown, smooth.
Bractlike and sheathing.
Inflorescence a terminal raceme of 10 to 40 short-stalked, erect to spreading and ultimately bent back flowers, the bracts scalelike; sepals usually the same colour as stem, oblong to lanceolate, 5.5-10 mm long, the lower spreading; lateral petals deep pink to red, sometimes dark-spotted; lip 5-7 mm long, white, red- to purple-spotted, base with 2 lateral lobes, larger terminal lobe irregularly fine-toothed; spur less than 2.5 mm long; column 3-5 mm long, curved over lip, yellowish, purple-spotted.
Capsules, egg-shaped, drooping, 15-20 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to dry forests in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; frequent throughout BC, especially along the coast, south of 55 degrees N, rare northward; E to NF and S to ME, MA, PA, SC, TN, IA, TX, NM, AZ and CA; Guatemala.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Corallorhiza maculata var. flavida (M. Peck) Cockerell
Corallorhiza multiflora Nutt.
Corallorrhiza maculata var. flavida (M. Peck) Cockerell, orth. var.
Corallorrhiza maculata var. maculata (Raf.) Raf., orth. var.
Corallorrhiza multiflora Nutt., orth. var.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References