General: Perennial, saprophytic herb from coral-like rhizomes; stems (15) 20-55 cm tall, reddish, smooth.
Leaves: Bractlike, sheathing, 2 or 3.
Flowers: Inflorescence a terminal raceme of 3 to 25 short-stalked, erect to spreading flowers, the bracts scalelike; sepals usually pink, narrowly oblanceolate, 7-10 mm long, the lower spreading; lateral petals deep pink to red, veins usually yellow or dark red; lip 6-9 mm long, deep pink to red, usually with 3 dark red veins, base with 2 lateral short teeth, tip irregularly fine-toothed; spur 0.5-2.5 mm long; column 5.5-8 mm long, curved over lip.
Fruits: Capsules, egg-shaped, drooping, 15-25 mm long.
Shade-tolerant, submontane to subalpine, saprophyte. Western North American. Both species occur on moderately dry to fresh, nitrogen-poor soils within boreal, temperate, and cool mesothermal climates. Sporadic in the mossy understory of coniferous forests on water-shedding and water-receiving sites; commonly associated with Gaultheria shallon, Hylocomium splendens, and Rhytidiadelphus loreus. Oxylophytic species characteristic of Mor humus forms.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2021-06-22 12:18:44 PM
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