Deciduous perennial from a long creeping rhizome.
Thin, 3-15 cm long, from deeply pinnately lobed to 2-pinnate, segments of sterile leaves oblong, egg-shaped to fan-shaped; fertile leaves only slightly differentiated from the sterile ones, their segments narrower than in sterile leaves.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
Source: Klinkenberg 2013