E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Dicentra uniflora Kellogg
steer's head (longhorn steer's-head)
Papaveraceae (Fumitory family)
(Previously in Fumariaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Acacia Meyer  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #74777)

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Distribution of Dicentra uniflora
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a bundle of spindle-shaped fleshy roots; stems attached below ground, 4-10 cm tall.
Basal leaves 3-times compound, long-stalked, the lobes 1-2 times deeply divided, the ultimate segments linear to oblanceolate, 1-4 mm wide, rounded, glabrous, with a bloom; stems leaves lacking.
Inflorescence a solitary flower; corollas white to purple, heart-shaped at the base; outer petals forming a pouch; inner petals erect, purplish-tipped, 12-15 mm long.
Capsules, egg-shaped to elliptic, 10-13 mm long; seeds about 1.2 mm long, black, shiny.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry meadows and scree slopes in the montane and subalpine zones; rare E of the Coast-Cascade Mountains in SW and SC BC; S to WY, UT and CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References