Loosely tufted perennial herb from a taproot and a simple or branched stem-base; stems branched, erect or decumbent at base, 5-25 cm tall, densely hairy with simple and starlike hairs.
Basal leaves oblanceolate, 1-4 cm long, 1-4 mm wide, usually toothed; stem leaves (3) 5-8 (12), lanceolate, commonly toothed; densely hairy with simple or branched hairs, generally starlike with branches again branched.
Racemes several- to many-flowered, less than 60, usually some in leaf axils; flower stalks 2-9 mm long, appressed, erect, hairy, lower ones often bracted and less than 3 mm; petals white, 3-5 mm long; sepals 1.5-2 mm long, sparsely soft-hairy.
Silicles, 4-12 mm long, 1.5-2.5 mm wide, lanceolate to oblong, commonly twisted; usually densely soft-hairy, the hairs less than 3-branched and also starlike; styles 0.2-0.8 mm long; fruiting racemes usually occupying the top half of the stems.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
Source: Klinkenberg 2013