Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv.
large barnyard-grass
Poaceae (Grass family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Jamie Fenneman     (Photo ID #10808)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Echinochloa crus-galli
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Annual grass from fibrous roots; stems pith-filled or hollow, decumbent to erect, the nodes smooth, (30) 60-160 cm tall.
Sheaths open, more or less compressed; blades 4-16 mm wide; ligules absent.
Inflorescence a stiff panicle 5-12 cm long, the branches spreading to erect, usually at least 3 cm long, the spikelets borne singly or in clusters along 1 side of the branches; spikelets 3-4 mm long, 2-flowered, but the lower flowers sterile; upper glumes pointed to long-pointed, unawned; sterile lemmas equalling the upper glumes, long-pointed and bristle-tipped to awn-bearing, the awns up to 30 mm long; lemmas and paleas hardened, abruptly pointed to long-pointed, unawned.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Echinochloa crus-galli

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
527 527 527
Slope Gradient (%)
0 0 0

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
7 7 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

IDF(1), SBS(1)

Habitat and Range

Moist to dry ditches, disturbed sites, clearings and fields in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; common in S BC; introduced from Eurasia.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Echinochloa crusgalli