E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv.
large barnyard-grass
Poaceae (Grass family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #10808)

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Distribution of Echinochloa crus-galli
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Species Information

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Annual grass from fibrous roots; stems pith-filled or hollow, decumbent to erect, the nodes smooth, (30) 60-160 cm tall.
Sheaths open, more or less compressed; blades 4-16 mm wide; ligules absent.
Inflorescence a stiff panicle 5-12 cm long, the branches spreading to erect, usually at least 3 cm long, the spikelets borne singly or in clusters along 1 side of the branches; spikelets 3-4 mm long, 2-flowered, but the lower flowers sterile; upper glumes pointed to long-pointed, unawned; sterile lemmas equalling the upper glumes, long-pointed and bristle-tipped to awn-bearing, the awns up to 30 mm long; lemmas and paleas hardened, abruptly pointed to long-pointed, unawned.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to dry ditches, disturbed sites, clearings and fields in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; common in S BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Echinochloa crus-galli

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 527 527 527
Slope Gradient (%) 0 0 0
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
7 7 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: IDF(1), SBS(1)

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Echinochloa crusgalli

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References