E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Elaeagnus commutata Bernh. ex Rydb.
silverberry (wolf-willow)
Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Bryan Kelly-McArthur  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #86436)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Elaeagnus commutata
Click here to view our interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.

Deciduous shrub from a strong rhizome; stems silvery- to brownish-scaled, branched, old branches dark greyish-red, young twigs brown or green, 1-4 m tall.
Alternate, lanceolate to oblanceolate, 2-7 cm long, short-stalked, silvery-scaly on both surfaces, wavy-margined.
Inflorescence of 1 to 3 short-stalked, nodding flowers in axillary clusters; corollas yellow within, silvery outside, funnel-shaped with 4 lobes, 6-14 mm long, aromatic; stamens 4.
Single achenes enclosed in silvery-mealy berries, 9-12 mm long, egg-shaped.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Early Summer
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Red
Present from Summer to Fall
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry sand and gravel bars, meadows, shrublands and forest edges in the steppe and montane zones; frequent in BC east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; N to AK, YT and NT, E to PQ and S to MN, ND and UT.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Elaeagnus commutata

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 320 717 1150
Slope Gradient (%) 0 23 90
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
4 193 335
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 3 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(19), BWBS(17), IDF(24), MS(1), PP(7)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Elaeagnus argentea Pursh, non Moench

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References