Evergreen shrub; stems somewhat decumbent, more or less woolly-hairy, freely branching, 15-30 cm long.
Alternate, evergreen, linear to almost needle-like, in whorls of 4, 3-8 mm long, glandular-hairy, margins rolled under, lower surface grooved.
Inflorescence of 2-3 inconspicuous flowers in the leaf axils, subtended by 3 scaly bracts smaller than the sepals; petals 0-3, purplish, 3 mm long; sepals 3, brownish.
Berry-like drupes, fleshy, purplish-black, globular, 4-5 mm long; seeds 2-9, white, stonelike.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
Present over the Summer
Source: The USDA
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(11), bafa(112), BWBS(284), CMA(13), CWH(303), ESSF(564), ICH(22), IDF(1), IMA(27), MH(84), MS(269), SBPS(75), SBS(162), SWB(260)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Empetrum atropurpureum Fernald & Wiegand
Empetrum nigrum var. atropurpureum (Fernald & Wiegand) B. Boivin
Empetrum nigrum var. purpureum (Raf.) A. DC.
Empetrum rubrum var. atropurpureum (Fernald & Wiegand) R. Good