Perennial herb from a fibrous root, tufted, somewhat mat-forming, with short stolons; stems ascending to erect, somewhat curved or S-shaped, 10-20 cm tall, green or reddish-tinged, sparsely short stiff-hairy in decurrent lines below, with some glandular hairs above, often with basal offshoots.
Opposite, narrowly elliptic to oblong or oblanceolate, 0.8-2.5 cm long, 2-9 mm wide, rounded at tips, entire to finely few-toothed, dark green or reddish-tinged, basal glabrous, upper sparsely short stiff-hairy on midrib and leaf margins; stalks obscure, 1-6 mm long.
Inflorescence a few-flowered, terminal raceme, often nodding; hypanthium 0.6-1.4 mm long; petals 2.5-6.5 (9) mm long, pink to rose-purple, rarely white, notched at tip; sepals 1.5-5 mm long, glabrous or sparsely glandular; anthers 0.3-0.6 mm long; ovaries 0.6-2 cm long, glabrous; styles 1.2-2.5 mm long; stigmas broadly club-shaped, rarely somewhat head-like.
Capsules, 1.7-3.6 cm long, about 1 mm wide, curved, nearly glabrous, red when ripe; seeds narrowly egg-shaped, 0.7-1.4 mm long, surface mostly net-veined, tuft of soft hairs persistent, 1.5-4 mm long, dull white.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(32), BAFA(73), BWBS(2), CMA(12), CWH(7), ESSF(310), ICH(11), IDF(6), IMA(17), MH(30), MS(14), SBPS(1), SBS(18), SWB(8)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Epilobium alpinum L. p.p.
Epilobium anagallidifolium var. pseudoscaposum (Hausskn.) HultTn