E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Euphorbia peplus L.
petty spurge
Euphorbiaceae (Spurge family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #9169)

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Distribution of Euphorbia peplus
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Species Information

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Annual herb from a fibrous root; stems erect, freely branched, glabrous, 10-30 cm tall.
Lower stem leaves alternate, egg-shaped, blade 1-3 cm long, stalks 3-10 mm long; upper floral leaves opposite, short-stalked, broadly egg-shaped, 1-2.5 cm long.
Inflorescence of several-rayed umbrella-shaped clusters; involucres 1-1.5 mm long; glands 4, with long, slender horns.
Capsules, glabrous, 2.5 mm long; seeds 1-1.5 mm long, grey, oblong, pitted.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Disturbed sites and waste places in the lowland and steppe zones; locally frequent on SE Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands, rare in the lower Fraser Valley and SC BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Galarhoeus peplus (L.) Rydb.
Tithymalus peplus (L.) Hill

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References