Ficaria verna
lesser celandine
Ranunculaceae (Buttercup family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Jamie Fenneman     (Photo ID #9123)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Ficaria verna
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Species Information

Perennial herb from club-shaped tubers and fibrous roots; stems 1 to several, soft, decumbent and rooting at nodes, or ascending to erect, sometimes producing axillary bulblets, smooth.
Basal leaves simple, undivided, kidney- or heart-shaped to triangular, 1.8-3.7 cm long, 2-4 cm wide, round-toothed or entire, bases broadly heart-based, tips rounded or blunt, long-stalked, the stalks with dilated, sheathing bases; stem leaves similar, alternate, short-stalked, the upper sometimes nearly opposite.
Inflorescence of solitary, terminal flowers on each major branch, the flowers 2-3 cm wide; long-stalked; receptacle smooth; petals 8 to 12, distinct, bright yellow, fading whitish, 10-15 mm long, 3-7 mm wide, nectary on upper surface, the scale smooth, 2-toothed; sepals 3, spreading, early deciduous, green, 4-9 mm long, 3-6 mm wide, smooth, sac-shaped at base; stamens 15-30; pistils 15-30.
Achenes, several to many in a globe-shaped head 4-5 mm long, 6-8 mm wide, the achenes ellipsoid, 2.6-2.8 mm long, 1.8-2 mm wide, hairy; beaks absent.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

Habitat and Range

Mesic to moist, often shaded waste places in the lowland zone; rare in SW BC, known from Saanich and Vancouver; introduced from Eurasia.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Ranunculus ficaria L.