E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
sweet fennel

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #7649)

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Distribution of Foeniculum vulgare
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Species Information

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Stout, short-lived perennial or biennial herb from a taproot, with a strong anise odor; stems erect, often branched above, 1-2 m tall.
Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves glabrous and glaucous, pinnately dissected into small, threadlike ultimate segments, without well-defined leaflets; leaf stalks often sheathing, the blades 30-40 cm long.
Inflorescence of compound umbrella-like clusters; flowers small, yellow; spokes unequal in length.
Oblong, not strongly flattened, 3.5-4 mm long, ribs not winged.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry roadsides, fields and waste places in the lowland zone; rare in SW BC, known from SE Vancouver Island, the Gulf Islands and Vancouver; introduced from Europe.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Foeniculum foeniculum (L.) Karst.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References