Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
sweet fennel

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Jamie Fenneman     (Photo ID #7649)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Foeniculum vulgare
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Species Information

Stout, short-lived perennial or biennial herb from a taproot, with a strong anise odor; stems erect, often branched above, 1-2 m tall.
Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves glabrous and glaucous, pinnately dissected into small, threadlike ultimate segments, without well-defined leaflets; leaf stalks often sheathing, the blades 30-40 cm long.
Inflorescence of compound umbrella-like clusters; flowers small, yellow; spokes unequal in length.
Oblong, not strongly flattened, 3.5-4 mm long, ribs not winged.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

Habitat and Range

Mesic to dry roadsides, fields and waste places in the lowland zone; rare in SW BC, known from SE Vancouver Island, the Gulf Islands and Vancouver; introduced from Europe.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Foeniculum foeniculum (L.) Karst.