E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Fragaria virginiana Duchesne
wild strawberry (Virginia strawberry)
Rosaceae (Rose family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Larry Halverson  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #81440)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Fragaria virginiana
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a fibrous root and short rhizome usually from a single crown, with several leafless runners; stems trailing, rooting at the nodes; runners, leaf stalks and flower shoots with long spreading to appressed hairs and usually greenish not reddish-tinged.
Basal in rosettes, palmately compound, on stalks 2-15 cm long; leaflets 3, egg-shaped, short-stalked, 2-7 cm long, the lower surface smooth to silky-hairy, the upper surface smooth and glaucous bluish-green, the margins coarsely toothed, the terminal tooth less than 1/2 as wide as and shorter than the adjacent teeth.
Inflorescence an open cluster of 2 to 15 stalked flowers atop axillary, leafless shoots that are usually shorter than the surrounding leaves at maturity; corollas white, the petals 5, egg-shaped to round, 4-9 (12) mm long; calyces long-silky-hairy, 5-lobed, the lobes (sepals) lance-elliptic, 3-7 mm long, alternating with lanceolate bractlets that are shorter than the sepals; ovaries superior; stamens about 20.
Strawberries, hemispheric, about 1 cm wide, covered with achenes; achenes about 1.5 mm long, partly sunken in the fleshy receptacle.
Two varieties with overlapping ranges occur in BC:

1. Leaf-stalks and flower-shoots with appressed hairs; petals mostly 4-10 mm long, narrowly egg-shaped....................... var. glauca S. Wats.

1. Leaf-stalks and flower-shoots with spreading hairs; petals mostly 8-12 mm long, nearly circular....................... var. platypetala (Rydb.) Hall

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to dry fields, roadsides, meadows, grassy slopes, thickets, forest edges and open forests in the lowland to subalpine zones; common throughout BC; N to AK and NT, E to NF and S to CA, CO, TN and GA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Fragaria virginiana

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 6 1210 2563
Slope Gradient (%) 0 21 235
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 187 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 3 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: AT(44), BAFA(8), BG(12), BWBS(689), CDF(10), CWH(45), ESSF(1467), ICH(641), IDF(1602), IMA(6), MH(3), MS(1263), PP(144), SBPS(476), SBS(1064), SWB(89)

Ecological Indicator Information

A shade-intolerant. submontane to subalpine. circumpolar forb (transcontinental in North America). Occurs on nitrogen-medium soils within boreal,. temperate, cool semiarid, and cool mesothermal climates. Its occurrence increases with increasing continentality, and decreases with increasing elevation. Frequently inhabits exposed, calcium-rich. mineral soil water­shedding sites. Common in non-forested (grassy) communities, less frequent in open­canopy forests. Characteristic of young-seral forests

SourceIndicator Plants of Coastal British Columbia (Information applies to coastal locations only)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Fragaria glauca (S. Watson) Rydb.
Fragaria multicipita Fernald
Fragaria ovalis (Lehm.) Rydb.
Fragaria pauciflora Rydb.
Fragaria platypetala Rydb.
Fragaria platypetala var. sibbaldifolia (Rydb.) Jeps.
Fragaria sibbaldifolia Rydb.
Fragaria suksdorfii Rydb.
Fragaria truncata Rydb.
Fragaria virginiana var. ovalis (Lehm.) R.J. Davis
Fragaria virginiana var. platypetala (Rydb.) H.M. Hall
Fragaria virginiana var. terrae-novae (Rydb.) Fernald & Wiegand

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References