© Larry Halverson (Photo ID #81440)
Perennial herb from a fibrous root and short rhizome usually from a single crown, with several leafless runners; stems trailing, rooting at the nodes; runners, leaf stalks and flower shoots with long spreading to appressed hairs and usually greenish not reddish-tinged.
Basal in rosettes, palmately compound, on stalks 2-15 cm long; leaflets 3, egg-shaped, short-stalked, 2-7 cm long, the lower surface smooth to silky-hairy, the upper surface smooth and glaucous bluish-green, the margins coarsely toothed, the terminal tooth less than 1/2 as wide as and shorter than the adjacent teeth.
Inflorescence an open cluster of 2 to 15 stalked flowers atop axillary, leafless shoots that are usually shorter than the surrounding leaves at maturity; corollas white, the petals 5, egg-shaped to round, 4-9 (12) mm long; calyces long-silky-hairy, 5-lobed, the lobes (sepals) lance-elliptic, 3-7 mm long, alternating with lanceolate bractlets that are shorter than the sepals; ovaries superior; stamens about 20.
Strawberries, hemispheric, about 1 cm wide, covered with achenes; achenes about 1.5 mm long, partly sunken in the fleshy receptacle.
Two varieties with overlapping ranges occur in BC:
1. Leaf-stalks and flower-shoots with appressed hairs; petals mostly 4-10 mm long, narrowly egg-shaped....................... var. glauca S. Wats.
1. Leaf-stalks and flower-shoots with spreading hairs; petals mostly 8-12 mm long, nearly circular....................... var. platypetala (Rydb.) Hall
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(44), BAFA(8), BG(12), BWBS(689), CDF(10), CWH(45), ESSF(1467), ICH(641), IDF(1602), IMA(6), MH(3), MS(1263), PP(144), SBPS(476), SBS(1064), SWB(89)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Fragaria glauca (S. Watson) Rydb.
Fragaria multicipita Fernald
Fragaria ovalis (Lehm.) Rydb.
Fragaria pauciflora Rydb.
Fragaria platypetala Rydb.
Fragaria platypetala var. sibbaldifolia (Rydb.) Jeps.
Fragaria sibbaldifolia Rydb.
Fragaria suksdorfii Rydb.
Fragaria truncata Rydb.
Fragaria virginiana var. ovalis (Lehm.) R.J. Davis
Fragaria virginiana var. platypetala (Rydb.) H.M. Hall
Fragaria virginiana var. terrae-novae (Rydb.) Fernald & Wiegand
1. Leaves thick, strongly veined beneath, wrinkled above; plants strictly maritime..............F. chiloensis
1. Leaves thin, not strongly veined beneath, not wrinkled above; plants generally distributed
2. Terminal tooth of leaflets usually surpassing the adjacent lateral ones; leaflets generally unstalked; fruiting shoots longer than the leaves................F. vesca
2. Terminal tooth of leaflets usually much narrower and shorter than adjacent lateral ones; leaflets short-stalked; fruiting shoots shorter than the leaves..............F. virginiana
Source: Illustrated Flora of British Columbia