Perennial herb from a bulb of a few larger, fleshy scales and numerous small, rice-grain bulblets; stems 20-80 cm tall, slender to sturdy, smooth.
Usually in 1 or 2 whorls of 3 to 5 on the stem, scattered and alternate above, narrowly lanceolate to lance-egg-shaped, 5-10 (15) cm long, 0.5-3 cm wide, smooth.
Inflorescence a single nodding flower, or 2 to 5 relatively long-stalked flowers in a terminal cluster; flowers variably brownish-purple mottled with greenish-yellow, to yellowish-green mottled purple, broadly bell-shaped, of 6 similar, distinct tepals, the tepals oblong to egg-shaped, 2-4 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, with a long, yellowish-green nectar gland on inner surface near the base; stamens 6; pistil 1, 3-chambered.
Capsules, erect, cylindric-egg-shaped, 6-angled, winged on the angles, 2 cm long; seeds numerous, flattened.
This species has long been known as F. lanceolata, an illegitimate name.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|ICH(5), IDF(6), SBS(1)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Fritillaria camschatcensis var. floribunda (Benth.) B. Boivin
Fritillaria eximia Eastw.
Fritillaria lanceolata Pursh
Fritillaria mutica Lindl.
Fritillaria mutica var. gracilis (S. Watson) Jeps.