Fritillaria camschatcensis (L.) Ker Gawl.
northern rice-root (black lily; Kamchatka fritillary; northern riceroot; riceroot fritillary)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Heinz Baum     (Photo ID #6143)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Fritillaria camschatcensis
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Perennial herb from a bulb of several larger, fleshy scales subtended by numerous small, rice-grain bulblets; stems 20-60 (80) cm tall, sturdy, smooth.
Usually in 2 or 3 main whorls of 5 to 10 on the upper part of the stem, with a few scattered and alternate near the tip, lanceolate, 5-10 cm long, 0.5-2.5 cm wide, smooth.
Inflorescence of usually several, spreading to nodding, relatively short-stalked flowers in the axils of upper leaves; flowers bronze to purplish-brown or nearly black, rarely yellowish-green, rarely mottled, narrowly bell-shaped, of 6 similar, distinct tepals, the tepals oblong-lanceolate to elliptic or egg-shaped, 2-3 cm long, 6-12 mm wide, ridged lengthwise on the inner surface; stamens 6; pistil 1, 3-chambered.
Capsules, erect, barrel-shaped, bluntly 6-angled, wings lacking, 2-3.5 cm long; seeds numerous, flattened.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Fritillaria camschatcensis

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
449 0 1440
Slope Gradient (%)
13 0 85

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

186 20 359
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
5 1 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

CWH(39), ESSF(5), ICH(7), MH(8), SBS(8)

Habitat and Range

Moist tideflats, meadows, open forests, rocky beaches and streambanks in the lowland to subalpine zones; common along coast, infrequent inland; N to AK and YT and S to W WA and OR.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Lilium camschatcense L.