Funaria hygrometrica Hedw.
common cord-moss (funaria moss)

Species Account Author: Wilf Schofield
Extracted from Some Common Mosses of BC

Introduction to the Bryophytes of BC


© Rod Innes     (Photo ID #9316)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Funaria hygrometrica
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Species description:
Genus name referring to the cord-like twisting of the drying seta (hence "cord moss" as a popular name). Species name also denoting the twisting and curling of the seta of this species in response to chang­ing moisture in the air.
The consistent appearance of this moss on the sites of abandoned bonfires and after forest fires is intriguing.
Distinguishing characteristics:
The pale yellow, extremely curved seta, when young and the very inflated lower part of the long-snouted calyptra added to the sheathing leaves at the seta base, provide characters that quickly identify this moss. In mature sporangia the grooves are distinctive.
Short loose turfs of yellow-green, glossy, often bulb-like plants.
Similar Species:
F. muhlenbergii lacks the curved seta and grows on somewhat shaded, usually fine-textured soil.


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

Illustration SourceSome Common Mosses of BC

Habitat and Range

On bare disturbed soil, especially frequent on burned-over sites but also in gardens and neglected agricultural land. A common greenhouse weed.
World Distribution

Worldwide, probably most frequent in areas of human habitation but also in natural vegetation, mainly at lower elevations.


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Funaria hygrometrica var. calvescens (Schwägr.) Mont.
Funaria hygrometrica var. convoluta (Hampe) Grout
Funaria hygrometrica var. patula Bruch & Schimp.
Funaria hygrometrica var. utahensis Grout