Perennial herb from a creeping rhizome; stems prostrate to ascending or climbing, several, branched, square, short-hairy on the angles, the hooked hairs pointed downwards, 20-80 cm long.
Basal leaves few, soon deciduous; stem leaves in whorls of 6, sometimes 4 or 5 on the smaller branches, narrowly elliptic to oblanceolate, 1-veined, 1.5-4.5 cm long, unstalked, short-hairy on the margins and with hooked bristles on the veins beneath, the hairs pointed forward.
Inflorescence of usually 3, stalked flowers in loose, open axillary or terminal clusters; corollas saucer-shaped, whitish, 2-3 mm wide, 4-lobed; calyces obsolete.
Nutlets, 2, 2-2.5 mm long, with numerous, short, hooked white to brown bristles.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(4), BG(22), BWBS(219), CDF(161), CWH(1020), ESSF(832), ICH(1696), IDF(511), IMA(1), MH(11), MS(415), PP(26), SBPS(35), SBS(1289), SWB(5)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Galium brachiatum Pursh
Galium pennsylvanicum W. Bartram
Galium triflorum var. asprelliforme Fernald
Galium triflorum var. viridiflorum DC.