Perennial herb from a creeping rhizome; stems decumbent to erect, several, branched, finely hairy, at least in the inflorescence, 25-120 cm tall/long.
Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves in whorls of 6-8, sometimes up to 12, narrowly linear with margins rolled under, 1-veined, the tips with rigid points, finely hairy, 1-3 cm long, unstalked.
Inflorescence a terminal, leafy-bracted, compound panicle of numerous short-stalked flowers, corollas saucer-shaped, bright yellow, 4-lobed, 2-4 mm wide.
Nutlets, 2, 1-1.5 mm long, smooth.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
Source: Klinkenberg 2013