Gaultheria ovatifolia A. Gray
western tea-berry (Oregon wintergreen; western teaberry)
Ericaceae (Crowberry family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Brian Klinkenberg     (Photo ID #21602)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Gaultheria ovatifolia
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Low, spreading shrub, to 5 cm tall; stems slender, to 20 cm long, very fine brownish-hairy.
Alternate, evergreen, leathery, egg-shaped to almost heart-shaped, (1.5) 2-4 cm long, (1) 1.5-3 cm wide, tips pointed; margins usually conspicuously sharp-toothed and thickened.
Solitary in leaf axils; flower stalks short, with bractlets; corollas white or pinkish, bell-shaped, 5-lobed, 3.5-5 mm long; calyces brown, about 2 mm long, reddish brown-hairy; anthers opening by terminal pores, without awns.
Berrylike, bright red, globe-shaped, 6-8 mm wide.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Gaultheria ovatifolia

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
942 41 2100
Slope Gradient (%)
30 0 150

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

196 0 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 0 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

BWBS(2), CWH(86), ESSF(46), ICH(332), IDF(10), MH(78), MS(9), SBS(3)

Habitat and Range

Mesic to wet coniferous forests, heath, and high-elevation bogs in the montane and subalpine zones; frequent in S BC south of 52degreeN; S to N CA and ID.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia