Geranium carolinianum L.
Carolina geranium (Carolina crane's-bill)
Geraniaceae (Geranium family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Jamie Fenneman     (Photo ID #25069)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Geranium carolinianum
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Annual herb from a taproot; stems erect, branched, spreading-hairy, usually somewhat glandular, especially above, 5-70 cm tall.
Basal leaves few, reduced and soon deciduous; stem leaves opposite, more or less rounded in outline, 2-5 cm wide, palmately divided into 5 segments, these cleft or toothed 1/3 to 1/2 their length, spreading-hairy.
Inflorescence a congested, terminal cluster of short-stalked flowers; petals pink or rose, rounded, 3-7 mm long; sepals equal to or slightly longer than the petals, bristle-tipped, the tips 1-1.5 mm long; stamens 10, fertile, not fused.
Carpels, stiff-hairy with ascending hairs and shorter, spreading hairs; styles 1.3-1.6 cm long, the beak 2.0-2.5 mm long; seeds oblong, obscurely net-veined and honeycombed.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Geranium carolinianum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
648 385 975
Slope Gradient (%)
23 0 60

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

219 185 335
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 4 5
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

IDF(2), PP(1)

Habitat and Range

Dry meadows and rock outcrops in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; locally frequent on SE Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands, rare eastward in S BC; E to ON and S to TN, KS, MO, SD, MT and N CA.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Geranium carolinianum var. sphaerospermum (Fernald) Breitung