Gypsophila paniculata L.
baby's breath
Caryophyllaceae (Pink family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

Photograph

© Amelie Rousseau     (Photo ID #6363)


Map

E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Gypsophila paniculata
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Introduction

According to the Invasive Species Council of BC, this species: "Baby’s breath (Gypsophila paniculata) is a herbaceous perennial plant that invades grazing land and out-competes native and introduced perennial grasses." Read more about it at: https://bcinvasives.ca/invasive-species/identify/invasive-plants/babys-breath.

There are two species of baby's breath in British Columbia. These may be separated as follows:

1. Inflorescence glandular-hairy; calyx teeth 3-4 mm long.........G. scorzonerifolia

1. Inflorescence glabrous; calyx teeth 1.5-2.0 mm long...............G. paniculata

Species Information

General:
Perennial herb from a thick root; stems usually much-branched, glabrous and more or less glaucous, 0.4-1.2 m tall.
Leaves:
Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves opposite, lanceolate to linear, 2-10 cm long, rarely over 2-9 mm wide, 1-nerved, unstalked; stipules lacking.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of numerous flowers in a large, diffusely branched, leafy-bracted, panicle-like cluster; flowers stalks glabrous; petals 5, white, oblanceolate, rounded to somewhat notched, stalklike at the base, slightly exceeding the calyces, about equalling the 10 stamens; sepals 5, glabrous, the white membrane below the notches contrasting strongly with the usually purplish back of the 5 lobes, united, forming a top-shaped tube 1.5-2 mm long.
Fruits:
Capsules egg-shaped, 2-3 mm long, 4-valved; seeds 2-5, blackish, 1.5-2 mm long, prominently cross-wrinkled and pimply in longitudinal, concentric rows.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Illustration

If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Gypsophila paniculata

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Avg

Min

Max

Elevation (metres)
356 356 356
Slope Gradient (%)
0 0 0

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

208 208 208
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 0 0
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
A
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
1
Modal BEC Zone Class
BG

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

BG(1)

Habitat and Range

Dry roadsides, fields and waste places in the steppe and lower montane zones; infrequent SC and SE BC; introduced from Eurasia.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Synonyms

Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Gypsophila paniculata var. paniculata