Perennial herb from a taproot and branching stem-base; stems erect or ascending, simple or several, harshly stiff-hairy to spreading-hairy or smooth below, 0.2-1 m tall.
Basal leaves soon deciduous; middle and upper leaves opposite, simple, entire, roughened, lanceolate or elliptic, more or less 3-nerved, up to 15 cm long, 5 cm wide; lowermost leaves oblanceolate and smaller than those above.
Heads with ray and disk flowers, solitary; involucral bracts lance-linear, often pointed, stiff-hairy, also with marginal hairs; ray flowers bright yellow, 13-21, 2-4.5 cm long; disk flowers yellow; involucres 12-15 mm tall.
Achenes strongly compressed, wing-margined, finely-appressed-hairy; pappus of 2 upwardly hairy, unequal awns.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
Source: Klinkenberg 2013