Hemitomes congestum A. Gray
gnome-plant (coneplant; cone-plant)
Ericaceae (Crowberry family)
(Previously in Monotropaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Rod Innes     (Photo ID #13945)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Hemitomes congestum
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Perennial herb from a fleshy, short rhizome; parasites on mycorrhizal fungi associated with trees; "stems" erect, simple, 3-15 cm tall, stout, waxy, glabrous; pinkish when fresh, drying to brownish; not persistent after seed dispersal; without chlorophyll.
Scale-like, to 2 cm long, partly overlapping like shingles, thin, oval to oblong, margins irregular and fringed with hairs.
Inflorescence a terminal, short, head-like, compressed spike; calyces and corollas similar in texture and colour; about equal in length, pinkish when fresh, drying to brownish; corollas tubular bell-shaped, 12-20 mm long, often unequally lobed, lobes 4 (5), densely hairy inside; sepals (2) 4, oblong, 12-18 mm long, lateral 2 often folded, clasping corolla; filaments densely hairy; anthers 1-2 mm long, unawned.
Berry-like capsules, egg-shaped, to 1 cm long, hairy.
Stem and leaves can be considered part of the inflorescence.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Hemitomes congestum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
401 20 1070
Slope Gradient (%)
28 0 90

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

233 20 340
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 2 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

CWH(32), ICH(2), MH(1)

Habitat and Range

Mesic forests in the lowland and montane zone; infrequent in SW, rare in WC and SE BC; S to CA.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Newberrya congesta Torr.