E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Hypopitys monotropa

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Mark Gardiner  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #66493)

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Distribution of Hypopitys monotropa
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a fleshy root mass; parasites on mycorrhizal fungi associated with trees; "stems" erect, simple, 5-30 cm tall, pinkish to straw-coloured, drying to black; persistent after seed dispersal; without chlorophyll.
Mostly near bottom of stem, scale-like, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, thick, margins entire or fringed with coarse hairs.
Several to many in terminal, raceme-like inflorescence, usually bent over when flowering, becoming erect in fruit; flower stalks 3-6 mm long; petals 10-14 mm long, erect, overlapping one another, usually hairy on one or both surfaces, sometimes glabrous, somewhat pouch-like at base; calyces 4-9 mm long, margins of lobes hairy; stamens shorter than the corolla; styles 1-2 mm wide, hairy; stigmas slightly lobed.
Capsules, nearly globe-shaped, 5-10 mm long.
Stem and leaves can be considered part of the inflorescence.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic forests in the montane zone; frequent in SW BC, infrequent in SC BC and northward to 57æN; circumboreal, N to SE AK, E to NF, and S to CA, MX, and FL; Europe.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Monotropa hypopithys L.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References