Hypopitys monotropa

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Mark Gardiner     (Photo ID #66493)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Hypopitys monotropa
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Species Information

Perennial herb from a fleshy root mass; parasites on mycorrhizal fungi associated with trees; "stems" erect, simple, 5-30 cm tall, pinkish to straw-coloured, drying to black; persistent after seed dispersal; without chlorophyll.
Mostly near bottom of stem, scale-like, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, thick, margins entire or fringed with coarse hairs.
Several to many in terminal, raceme-like inflorescence, usually bent over when flowering, becoming erect in fruit; flower stalks 3-6 mm long; petals 10-14 mm long, erect, overlapping one another, usually hairy on one or both surfaces, sometimes glabrous, somewhat pouch-like at base; calyces 4-9 mm long, margins of lobes hairy; stamens shorter than the corolla; styles 1-2 mm wide, hairy; stigmas slightly lobed.
Capsules, nearly globe-shaped, 5-10 mm long.
Stem and leaves can be considered part of the inflorescence.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

Habitat and Range

Mesic forests in the montane zone; frequent in SW BC, infrequent in SC BC and northward to 57æN; circumboreal, N to SE AK, E to NF, and S to CA, MX, and FL; Europe.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Monotropa hypopithys L.