Sprawling, evergreen shrub, 0.5-3.0 m tall; bark very thin, reddish-brown, shredding and scaly.
Needle-like, with whitish channel on upper surface, (5) 7-12 (19) mm long, in whorls of three on stem.
Seed cones fleshy, berrylike, egg-shaped to globose, 6-9 mm long, green in first year, ripening in second year to bluish black; pollen and seed cones on separate plants.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
Present from Summer to Fall
According to the USDA, this species is a known allelopath.
Source: The USDA
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(62), BAFA(27), BG(26), BWBS(204), CMA(17), CWH(99), ESSF(1166), ICH(364), IDF(1161), IMA(15), MH(13), MS(1101), PP(59), SBPS(298), SBS(330), SWB(149)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
|Scientific Name||Origin Status||Provincial Status||BC List|
(Red Blue List)
|Juniperus communis var. charlottensis||Native||S3S4||Yellow||Not Listed|
|Juniperus communis var. depressa||Native||S5||Yellow||Not Listed|
|Juniperus communis var. kelleyi||Native||S5||Yellow||Not Listed|
TAXONOMIC KEY TO JUNIPERUS
1. Leaves awl-shaped, in whorls of 3, spreading; the berrylike fruits sessile in the leaf axils J. communis
1. Leaves mostly scalelike, opposite, appressed to stem; the berrylike-like fruits terminal on the branchlets.
2. Low, spreading or creeping shrubs; fruits recurved on short stalks J. horizontalis
2. Small trees or erect shrubs; fruits erect or nodding J. scopulorum
Source The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
Note that since the publication of the Illustrated Flora, new species have been added to the BC flora, and are not incorporated in the keys.