General: Perennial herb from a large, branched, fleshy root and simple stem-base; stems erect, several, branched, 10-30 cm tall.
Leaves: Basal leaves numerous, linear-oblanceolate to narrowly spoon-shaped, 2-10 cm long, 3-8 mm wide; stem leaves alternate, bractlike, entire to gland-toothed, 2-3 cm long, reduced above.
Flowers: Inflorescence an open, branched, panicle with many flowers on stalks 1-2 cm long; floral bracts glandular-toothed, petals 7-9 (rarely 11), white with pink veins to rose, egg-shaped, 5-13 mm long; sepals 2, glandular-toothed; stamens 5-6.
Fruits: Capsules, egg-shaped; seeds usually 3 (1-5), deep brown-red to black, shiny, 1.5-2 mm long.
"Cauline leaves markedly reduced, inter-grading with bracts; blade margins entire or eglandular-toothed. Inflorescences: basal-most bract margins entire or eglandular-toothed. Petals pale pink to pink-magenta, 7-11 mm
"Cauline leaves usually absent. Inflorescences: basalmost bract margins glandular-toothed. Petals pale pink to deep purple-magenta or rose, (10-)12-13 mm
Hershkovitz and Hogan(2012) raise a question about var. rupicola in BC: "B. L. Davidson (2000) noted that the United States populations have pink to magenta petals, whereas the British Columbia populations have white to pale pink petals characteristic of the other varieties. Mathew questioned the assignment of the British Columbia plants to this variety."
Habitat / Range
Mesic to dry gravelly or rocky slopes and rock outcrops from the montane to alpine zones; infrequent on S Vancouver Island and the Cascade Mountains; S to OR.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2020-09-20 8:56:01 PM
The information contained in the E-Flora atlas pages is derived from expert
sources as cited in each section. This information is scientifically based.
E-Flora also acts as a portal to other sites via deep links. As
always, users should refer to the original sources for complete information.
E-Flora BC is not responsible for the accuracy or completeness of the