General: Perennial, tufted grass from rhizomes; stems usually slightly hairy below the nodes and the inflorescence, mostly 40-80 (100) cm tall.
Leaves: Sheaths open, minutely short appressed-hairy; blades stiff, usually smooth on the lower surfaces and minutely rough above, strongly in-rolled, 2-4 mm wide; ear-shaped lobes well-developed, prominent; ligules jagged with fine hairs, less than 1 mm long.
Flowers: Inflorescence an erect spike, 4-9 (10) cm long, but rarely the lowest pair of spikelets considerably distant and the overall length of the spike up to 15 cm long; spikelets mostly paired, 3- to 5-flowered, unstalked, often purplish, the lowest 1 to 3 pairs usually much shorter than the internodes of the rachis, the upper ones 2 to 3 times as long; glumes very narrow, awl-like, stiff, hairy, nerveless or inconspicuously 1- to 3-nerved, 5-12 mm long, awn-tipped; lemmas long-hairy to appressed-hairy, 7-9 mm long, merely awn-tipped or with awns up to 3 (4) mm long; paleas subequal to the lemmas; anthers about 5 mm long.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2021-05-12 6:01:20 PM
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