E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Lithophragma parviflorum (Hook.) Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray
small-flowered woodland star (small-flowered fringecup)
Saxifragaceae (Saxifrage family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Rod Innes  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #6661)

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Distribution of Lithophragma parviflorum
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Lithophragma parviflorum var. parviflorum

Species Information

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Perennial herb from slender rhizomes, with small bulblets; stems erect, 10-30 cm tall, densely glandular-hairy throughout, noticeably purplish above.
Basal leaves round-to kidney-shaped, 1-3 cm wide, palmately 3- to 5-divided nearly to the base, then again 2- to 3-times lobed, teeth more or less pointed; stalks slender, 2-6 cm long, with widened stipular bases; stem leaves 2 (1-3), more divided than basal, unstalked above.
Inflorescence a 5- to 11-flowered cluster; petals white or pinkish to purplish, 5, usually unequal, 5-10 mm long, clawed, the blades wedge egg-shaped, usually 3-cleft; calyces cone-shaped, 4-6 mm long (up to 10 mm long in fruit), part joined to ovary greater than the free hypanthium; calyx lobes 5, triangular egg-shaped, 1-2 mm long, almost as wide; stamens 10.
Capsules, about length of calyces when mature; seeds brown, elliptic, about 0.5 mm long, irregularly veiny and ridged lengthwise.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry coastal bluffs, meadows, open coniferous and deciduous forests, grasslands and shrublands in the lowland and steppe to montane zones; frequent in extreme S BC; E to AB and S to NE, CO, UT, NV and CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Lithophragma parviflorum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 27 806 1751
Slope Gradient (%) 0 29 80
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
2 200 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 3 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(25), CDF(4), ESSF(1), ICH(12), IDF(61), MS(2), PP(47)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References