E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Lithospermum incisum Lehm.
yellow gromwell (narrowleaf stoneseed)
Boraginaceae (Borage family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Gordon Neish  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #16490)

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Distribution of Lithospermum incisum
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from heavy, woody taproot and branched stem-base; stems few to several, 5-30 cm tall, short, stiff appressed-hairy.
Numerous, all along the stem, unstalked, linear to oblong or narrowly lanceolate, 2-6 cm long and 2-6 mm wide, entire, alternate, short, stiff appressed-hairy.
Well-developed flowers in small clusters in upper leaf axils, the flower stalks bent down somewhat in fruit; corollas bright yellow, 15-35 mm long, fused at base into long (12-30 mm) tube that spreads (10-20 mm wide) at top to 5 ragged-margined lobes, with 5 bulges at the throat; smaller unopened flowers often appear later in the season, in branching clusters lower on the stem.
Nutlets usually 4, clustered together, grey, shining, sparingly pitted, 3-3.5 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Dry grasslands and shrublands in the steppe zone; infrequent in S BC east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; E to S ON and S to IN, MO, TX, NM, AZ and MX.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Lithospermum incisum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 285 579 1300
Slope Gradient (%) 0 25 70
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
12 211 315
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 2 5
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(36), IDF(7), PP(5)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Batschia linearifolia (Goldie) Small
Lithospermum angustifolium Michx.
Lithospermum linearifolium Goldie
Lithospermum mandanense Spreng.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References