E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Lobelia kalmii L.
Kalm's lobelia (Ontario lobelia)
Campanulaceae (Bellflower family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Bryan Kelly-McArthur  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #66048)

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Distribution of Lobelia kalmii
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a fibrous root; stems erect, simple or sometimes branched, 10-50 cm tall, glabrous or inconspicáuously hairy.
Basal leaves soon deciduous, spoon-shaped or rounded, stalked, 1-3 cm long, entire to obscurely toothed; stem leaves similar, linear, 1-5 cm long, not much reduced upwards.
Inflorescence of stalked, terminal racemes, loose, few-flowered; corollas blue with a large white eye, 7-13 mm long, the lower lips glabrous, longer than the tube.
Capsules, 4-8 mm long, seeds roughened, abruptly sharp-pointed at both ends.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Wet to moist calcareous fens, shorelines and meadows in the montane zone; frequent in SE and N BC; infrequent in SC BC; E to NF and S to PA, SD, MT and WA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Lobelia kalmii

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 676 921 1430
Slope Gradient (%) 0 16 84
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
60 240 335
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 5 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BWBS(2), ICH(2), IDF(7), MS(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Lobelia kalmii var. strictiflora Rydb.
Lobelia strictiflora (Rydb.) Lunell

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References