E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Lupinus leucophyllus Douglas ex Lindl.
velvet lupine
Fabaceae (Pea family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Virginia Skilton  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #34080)

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Distribution of Lupinus leucophyllus
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Lupinus leucophyllus var. leucophyllus

Species Information

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Perennial from a branched root-crown; stems several, erect, 30-90 cm tall, simple to freely branched, densely velvety-hairy and with additional, longer, spreading to appressed hairs.
Mainly alternate along the stem, palmately compound, with stalks 1-3 times as long as the blades; leaflets 7 to 10, elliptic-oblanceolate, pointed at the tip, 2-6 cm long, velvety on both surfaces.
Inflorescence a short-stalked, long-tapering, terminal raceme, 10-40 cm long, of densely whorled pea-like flowers, the flower-stalks 1.5-3 mm long; corollas pale lavender to whitish, 8-12 mm long, the banner densely hairy on the back, the wings glabrous, the keel fringed with hairs along the upper edges; calyces shaggy, 2-lipped, the upper lip 2-toothed, the lower lip entire.
Pods, 1.5-2.5 cm long, shaggy with rusty hairs; seeds 4 to 6.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Dry meadows, glades and open forest in the steppe and lower montane zones; locally frequent in SC BC; S to ID, MT, WY, NV and NE CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Lupinus leucophyllus

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 1550 1555 1563
Slope Gradient (%) 0 2 5
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
236 235 236
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 4 5
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: ESSF(3)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References