Lycopodium annotinum L.
stiff club-moss (stiff clubmoss)
Lycopodiaceae (Club-moss family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Bryan Kelly-McArthur     (Photo ID #76468)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Lycopodium annotinum
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Evergreen perennial; stems horizontal, long-creeping, branched; erect branches with numerous leaves, 5-25 cm tall.
Linear-lanceolate, 3-10 mm long, with 1-3 small irregular teeth close to the tips, the tips without bristles.
1-4 cm long, single, unstalked at the top of upright branches; sporophylls broadly egg-shaped with fringed margins.
A variable species. In this treatment it includes Lycopodium dubium Zoega, which is treated by some authors as a separate species.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Late Summer
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Brown
Present from Summer to Fall
Source:  The USDA


Ecological Framework for Lycopodium annotinum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
1126 0 2500
Slope Gradient (%)
17 0 200

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

356 0 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 0 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

AT(1), BAFA(1), BWBS(376), CWH(183), ESSF(1869), ICH(1054), IDF(50), MH(35), MS(326), SBPS(57), SBS(1344), SWB(115)

Habitat and Range

Dry to moist coniferous forests, heath, wet peat bogs and rock outcrops in the lowland to subalpine zones; common throughout BC; circumpolar, N to AK, YT, NT, E to NF and S to NC, WV, ID, and OR, disjunct in NM; Eurasia.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Lycopodium annotinum subsp. alpestre (Hartm.) A. Löve & D. Löve
Lycopodium annotinum subsp. annotinum
Lycopodium annotinum subsp. pungens (La Pylaie) Hultén
Lycopodium annotinum var. acrifolium Fernald
Lycopodium annotinum var. alpestre Hartm.
Lycopodium annotinum var. pungens (La Pylaie) Desv.
Lycopodium dubium Zoega
Lycopodium pungens