Maianthemum dilatatum (Alph. Wood) A. Nelson & J.F. Macbr.
false lily-of-the-valley (false lily of the valley; two-leaved false Solomon's-seal)
(Previously in Liliaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Jamie Fenneman     (Photo ID #7462)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Maianthemum dilatatum
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Perennial herb from a slender rhizome; stems 10-35 cm tall, smooth.
Leaves of flowering stems 1 to 3 (usually 2), alternate, broadly heart- to arrowhead-shaped, distinctly heart-shaped at the base, 5-12 cm long, about as wide, on 2- to 10-cm long stalks, smooth above and beneath, the margins entire, rough short-hairy; basal leaves lacking.
Inflorescence a loose, cylindrical, terminal cluster of several to many spreading flowers; flowers cream to white, wheel-shaped, 5-8 mm across, of 4 similar, distinct tepals, the tepals oblong, blunt, 2- 3 mm long, becoming reflexed; stamens 4, shorter than tepals; pistil 1, 2-chambered.
Berries, globe-shaped, spotted, red, 5-6 mm wide; seeds 1 to 4.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Maianthemum dilatatum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
147 0 1310
Slope Gradient (%)
17 0 350

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

75 0 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 0 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

BWBS(28), CDF(80), CWH(1634), ESSF(1), ICH(2), IDF(2), MH(25), MS(1), PP(1), SBS(5)

Habitat and Range

Mesic to wet forests and streambanks in the lowland and montane zones; common in coastal BC; N to AK and S to ID and CA.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Maianthemum bifolium subsp. kamtschaticum (J.F. Gmel. ex Cham.) E. Murray
Maianthemum bifolium var. kamtschaticum (J.F. Gmel. ex Cham.) Trautv. & C.A. Mey.
Maianthemum kamtschaticum (J.F. Gmel. ex Cham.) Nakai