E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link
star-flowered false Solomon's-seal (starry false lily of the valley)
(Previously in Liliaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Val George  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #29453)

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Distribution of Maianthemum stellatum
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a slender, pale rhizome; stems erect to arched-ascending, 20-60 cm tall, finely spreading-hairy.
Stem leaves 5 to 11, alternate (often in 2 rows), flat to folded, lanceolate to oblong-elliptic, 5-15 cm long, 2-4 cm wide, tapering to a sometimes weakly clasping base, unstalked, short-hairy on under surface, the margins entire; basal leaves lacking.
Inflorescence an unbranched, 2- to 7-cm long, terminal cluster of 5 to 10 (15), spreading, stalked flowers, the stalks at least as long as the flowers; flowers creamy-white, star-shaped, of 6 similar, distinct tepals, the tepals 4-7 mm long, narrowly oblong to lanceolate, spreading; stamens 6, shorter than tepals; pistil 1, 3-chambered.
Berries, globe-shaped, at first greenish-yellow striped with blue-purple, eventually dark blue to reddish-black, 7-10 mm wide; seeds usually 1 or 2.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to mesic (occasionally dry) forests, streambanks, clearings and meadows in the montane to lower alpine zones; common throughout BC, except the north coast; N to AK, YT and NT, E to NF and S to MA, PA, VA, TN, AR, OK, NM, AZ and CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Maianthemum stellatum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 0 872 2500
Slope Gradient (%) -2 15 230
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 212 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 4 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(57), BWBS(117), CDF(6), CWH(336), ESSF(171), ICH(518), IDF(428), MH(2), MS(184), PP(66), SBPS(45), SBS(498), SWB(2)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Convallaria stellata L.
Smilacina liliacea (Greene) Wynd
Smilacina sessilifolia Nutt. ex Baker
Smilacina stellata (L.) Desf.
Smilacina stellata var. crassa Victorin
Smilacina stellata var. mollis Farw.
Smilacina stellata var. sessilifolia (Nutt. ex Baker) G. Hend.
Smilacina stellata var. sylvatica Victorin & Rouss.
Vagnera liliacea (Greene) Rydb.
Vagnera sessilifolia (Nutt. ex Baker) Greene
Vagnera stellata (L.) Morong

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References