Neckera douglasii Hook.
Douglas' neckera

Species Account Author: Wilf Schofield
Extracted from Some Common Mosses of BC

Introduction to the Bryophytes of BC


© Gwen L'Hirondelle     (Photo ID #73127)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Neckera douglasii
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Species Information

Species description:
Genus named in honour of N.J. de Necker, an 18th-century German botanist. Species named in honour of David Douglas, a well ­known, 19th-century Scottish plant explorer of western North America.
This species is sometimes extremely abundant in humid coastal forests where it festoons tree branches and sheathes trunks of small trees and shrubs.
Distinguishing characteristics:
The usually soft, glossy, yellow-green, flattened shoots with undulate leaves and shining, relatively regular pin­nate branching serve as useful features, especially when sporophytes are present.
Pale yellow-green, regularly to irregularly branched flattened shoots, hanging down on perpendicular sites and pendent on horizontal sites, sometimes forming dense mats.
Similar Species:
Notes under Metaneckera menziesii. : Neckera pennata plants are similar in some respects but the leaves are glossy, while those of Metaneckera are somewhat dull; N. pennata also lacks fragile slender branchlets. N. doug/asii also lacks the branchlets and tends to be pale yellow-green with sporophytes on a conspicuous elongate seta, unlike the short seta of N. pennata and Metaneckera. Species of Plagiothecium are all irregularly branched, pro­duce sporophytes on an elongate seta that emerges on the upper side of the shoot, and lack brittle lateral branchlets.


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

Illustration SourceSome Common Mosses of BC

Habitat and Range

Most commonly epiphytic on trunks and branches of living trees in open coniferous or broad-leafed forests, also on cliffs and rocks. Reproduction: Sporophytes occasional to locally abundant, pale red­brown and hanging downward from the underside of the leafy shoot.
World Distribution

Confined to western North America from south­eastern Alaska to California and extending eastward to western Montana.