Normandina pulchella (Borr.) Nyl.
Elf ears

Introduction to the Lichens


© Jim Riley     (Photo ID #27402)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Normandina pulchella unavailable

Species Information

Common Name: The Elf-ear Lichen. Describes the tiny, rimmed, ear-shaped lobes characteristic of the species.
A minute stratified squamulose lichen, weakly corticate above, noncorticate below, sorediate, thallus attached to substrate at one edge, rotund β€œear-shaped,” averaging to 1–2 (–3) mm across. Upper surface greenish to pale bluish grey, often with distinct raised rim. Lower surface whitish, lacking rhizines. Medulla white. Photobiont green.
Apothecia unknown.
Over trees and mossy outcrops in sheltered sites.
Notes: Normandina is a monotypic genus of temperate distribution.
All spot tests negative.
No lichen substances reported.

SourceLichens of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

Illustration ByTrevor Goward

Habitat and Range

Habitat: Infrequent (overlooked?) over moss, mossy bark, or over other lichens in humid, sheltered lowland sites throughout, except absent in boreal regions

World Distribution: probably incompletely circumpolar, S to AZ and NM.

SourceLichens of British Columbia