E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Papaver nudicaule L.
Iceland poppy (Icelandic poppy)
Papaveraceae (Fumitory family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #21086)

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Distribution of Papaver nudicaule
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a taproot with a stem-base clothed with brown decaying leaf bases; stems erect, simple, bristly-hairy, (16) 20-40 cm tall.
Basal leaves 8-20 cm long, the stalks two-thirds the leaf length, deeply dissected into lanceolate or strap-shaped segments, with 3-4 pairs of primary lateral lobes, nearly smooth or white bristly-hairy above, grey-green below, green above, stem leaves lacking.
Inflorescence of solitary flowers on bristly-hairy stalks; petals red, white or yellow, 15-30 mm long.
Capsules, nearly round to ellipsoid, conspicuously ribbed, 10-15 mm long, 1.5-2.5 times longer than wide, bristly-hairy, the hairs ivory-coloured.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry, gravelly disturbed areas and roadsides in the montane zone; rare in BC, introduced from Asia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Papaver nudicaule

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 2220 2220 2220
Slope Gradient (%) 69 69 69
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
315 315 315
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 3 3
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in:


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Papaver freedmanianum D. Löve
Papaver kluanense D. Löve
Papaver lapponicum subsp. occidentale (Lundstr.) Knaben
Papaver lapponicum subsp. porsildii Knaben
Papaver miyabeanum Tatew. ex Miyabe & Tatew.
Papaver nigroflavum D. Löve
Papaver nudicaule var. coloradense Fedde
Papaver nudicaule var. columbianum Fedde
Papaver nudicaule var. radicatum (Rottb.) DC.
Papaver radicatum subsp. occidentale Lundstr.
Papaver radicatum subsp. porsildii (Knaben) A. Löve

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References