Perennial herb from a short, stout rootstock and fibrous root; stems ascending to erect, solitary to several, 15-30 (50) cm tall.
Basal leaves kidney-shaped, heart-shaped at the base, wider than long, 2-4 cm wide, entire, glossy green, the stalks 3-10 cm long; stem leaves solitary, reduced, unstalked, clasping, located near midlength on the stem.
Inflorescence of single, erect, terminal flowers on leafless stalks; petals 5, white, fringed or comb-like on the lower half, 5- to 7-veined, 8-12 mm long; calyces lobed nearly to the base, the lobes oblong, half as long as the petals; sterile stamens thickened and scalelike, with 7-9 marginal lobes and a central larger lobe, sometimes with 5-many elongate, club-shaped segments.
Capsules, egg-shaped, 1 cm long; seeds angled, numerous.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
Present from Summer to Fall
Source: The USDA
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(14), BAFA(35), BWBS(17), CMA(2), CWH(20), ESSF(684), ICH(56), IDF(19), IMA(4), MH(67), MS(89), SBS(33), SWB(28)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Parnassia fimbriata var. fimbriata K.D. Koenig
1. Petals fringed or comb-like on the lower half...................P. fimbriata
1. Petals not frnged or comb-like on the lower half.
2. Flowering stems bractless or with a near-basal bract; petals 1-3 (5) veined.............P. kotzebuei
2. Flowering stems usually with a bract above the level of the basal leaves; petals 5-13-veined.
3. Petals 7-13-veined, 6-12 mm long; sterile stamens cleft into up to 15 slender divisions; leaves often blunt or heart-shaped at base...................P. palustris
3. Petals usually 5-veined, usually 4-8 mm long; sterile stamens cleft into up to 7 slender divisions; leaves tapered at base....................P. parviflora
Source: Illustrated Flora of British Columbia