Perennial herb from a branching woody stem-base atop a taproot; stems several, tufted, ascending to erect, 10-50 cm tall, smooth below, hairy to glandular-hairy above especially in the inflorescence.
Opposite, entire or obscurely toothed; basal leaves oblong-spoon-shaped and stalked, smooth; stem leaves narrowly lanceolate to oblong, unstalked, the upper leaves somewhat glandular-hairy.
Inflorescence a leafy-bracted, terminal cluster of several whorls of stalked flowers; corollas pale violet to purplish or pinkish, rarely white, tubular, 2-3 cm long, 2-lipped, the upper lip 2-lobed, the lower lip 3-lobed, the lobes hairy inside; calyces 7-11 mm long, densely hairy, 5-lobed, the lobes nearly distinct, lanceolate, pointy-tipped; fertile stamens 4, the anthers horseshoe-shaped, smooth; sterile stamen bearded more than half its length.
Capsules, elliptic, abruptly long pointy-tipped, 6-10 mm long; seeds numerous.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
Source: Klinkenberg 2013