Perennial herb from a stout taproot surmounted by a branched, sometimes woody stem-base; stems usually several, clumped, ascending to erect, 30-80 cm tall, glandular-hairy in the inflorescence, smooth or minutely hairy in lines below.
Opposite, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, toothed to nearly entire, unstalked or nearly so, 3-13 cm long, smooth or grey-short-hairy; lowermost leaves reduced.
Inflorescence a terminal panicle of several groups of 2 to several stalked flowers, the stalks glandular-hairy; corollas tubular, 3-4.5 cm long, lavender to pale purple, strongly 2-lipped, smooth on the outside, long-woolly within along the ridges of the lower lip, which is not much longer than the upper; calyces 7-15 mm long, 5-lobed, the lobes lanceolate, long-tapering to a sharp tip, entire, glandular-hairy; fertile stamens 4, the anthers densely long-woolly; sterile stamen usually shorter than the fertile stamens, smooth.
Capsules, 10-14 mm long; seeds numerous, angled, 1-2 mm long.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
Present over the Summer
Source: The USDA
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(2), ESSF(2), MS(5)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013