Phyllodoce empetriformis (Sm.) D. Don
pink mountain-heather (pink mountainheath)
Ericaceae (Crowberry family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Bryan Kelly-McArthur     (Photo ID #72913)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Phyllodoce empetriformis
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Low, matted shrub; stems ascending, 5-40 cm tall, finely hairy and glandular, becoming glabrous.
Alternate, evergreen, spreading-ascending, linear or linear-oblong, 3-15 mm long, 1-2 mm wide, blunt to nearly pointed, deeply grooved beneath, margins appearing to be rolled under, glabrous except margins with small, fine, glandular teeth.
Several to many, in terminal clusters, fragrant, nodding; flower stalks about 2 cm long, finely glandular-hairy; corollas deep pinkish-rose, bell-shaped, 5-9 mm long, glabrous externally, the lobes curved back; calyces reddish, 2-3 mm long, lobes lance egg-shaped, blunt, glabrous except for finely fringed margins; stamens 10, included; filaments glabrous, anthers reddish.
Capsules, nearly globe-shaped, 2.5-3.5 mm long, 3-4 mm wide, glandular-hairy.
The hybrid between P. empetriformis and P. glanduliflora is known as P. x intermedia (Hook.) Rydb., and is quite common where the two occur together. The hybrids generally have white to pale rose corollas, and other intermediate characters.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Phyllodoce empetriformis

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
1774 6 2630
Slope Gradient (%)
26 0 270

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

252 0 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 0 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

AT(102), BAFA(48), BWBS(2), CMA(67), CWH(53), ESSF(1330), ICH(5), IMA(62), MH(307), MS(17), SBPS(2), SBS(4), SWB(16)

Habitat and Range

Dry to moist open forests, meadows and heath in the upper montane to alpine zones; frequent throughout BC except in the NE and on the Queen Charlotte Islands; N to SE AK, YT, and NT, E to W AB, and S to CA, ID, and MT.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia