E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Physconia enteroxantha (Nyl.) Poelt
Gilded frost

Introduction to the Lichens

© Curtis Bjork  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #24003)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Physconia enteroxantha
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Consortium of North American Lichen Herbaria map

Species Information

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Illustration By: Trevor Goward

Common Name: The Frost Lichens. Alludes to the characteristic presence of white pruina over the upper surface of the species.
Medium stratified foliose lichens, corticate above and below (ours), sorediate or isidiate or not, lobes appressed to loosely attached, elongate, averaging to 0.5–2 (–3) mm wide, thin. Upper surface brownish, except often heavily white-pruinose, K-, dull to somewhat shiny. Lower surface pale to more often blackish, dull, bearing numerous squarrose rhizines. Medulla white or occasionally pale yellow. Photobiont green.
Apothecia located over upper surface, disc white-pruinose; spores 2-celled, ellipsoid, brown, 8 per ascus.
Over calcium-rich substrates, including rock, soil, duff, bark and bone.
Notes: Seven species of Physconia are reported for North America and five of these are known to occur in B.C. Chemistry is of little taxonomic importance in this genus, with the exception of the K+ yellow medullary reaction of P. enteroxantha. See, however, the notes under that species. The species currently assigned to Physconia were formerly treated within Physcia. The genus is under taxonomic review by T. Esslinger; this treatment is provisional.
Species description:
Thallus bearing soredia and/or isidia (check lobe tips) AND
Soredia/isidia mostly confined to marginal soredia, these not reaching lobe tips; lobe tips more or less appressed; lower surface darkening abruptly toward thallus centre AND
Medulla pale yellowish, K+ yellow; upper surface generally strongly pruinose, dull
The K+ yellow reaction is spotty and difficult to demonstrate in a small percentage of the specimens examined. Such material would key out as P. detersa, though the upper surface of that species is usually rather shiny and not heavily white-pruinose as in P. enteroxantha. Physconia detersa also appears to have a strictly boreal distribution in B.C.
Medulla K+ yellow.
One unidentified lichen substance.

Source: Lichens of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Habitat: Frequent over deciduous trees, shrubs and (mossy) base-rich rocks in open maritime and intermontane sites at lower elevations
World Distribution: probably incompletely circumpolar, N to AK, S to CA.

Source: Lichens of British Columbia

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