This is a small evergreen coniferous tree species.
Small tree, to 20 m tall, with short branches; bark grey to blackish, scaly, thin; young twigs densely hairy and glandular.
Needles short, 5-10 (12) mm long, sharp or blunt, with whitish bloom; standing out in all directions or mostly pointing upwards; 4-angled.
Seed cones persistent, 1.5-3 cm long, becoming purplish; scales broadly rounded and irregularly toothed at tip.
Reports of hybrids with P. glauca are probably erroneous; see Parker and McLachlan (1978).
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
Present over the Summer
Source: The USDA
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|BWBS(832), ESSF(59), ICH(48), IDF(1), MS(5), SBPS(94), SBS(530), SWB(53)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013