This is a tall evergreen coniferous trees species that is found from southeast Alaska south to northern California.
Tall tree, up to 90 m tall; bark greyish-brown to purplish, scaly, thin; young twigs glabrous; main branches of tree noticably long and horizontal with drooping branchlets.
Needles sharp, flattened; standing out in all directions; pungent.
Seed cones 5-9 cm long, reddish-brown to yellowish-brown, scales rounded and finely irregularly toothed at tip; pollen cones red.
Hybridizes with P. glauca and P. engelmannii (see notes under P. glauca and P. engelmannii).
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
Present over the Fall
Source: The USDA
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(1), CDF(21), CMA(4), CWH(2580), ESSF(1), ICH(10), MH(94), MS(1), SBS(3)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013