Perennial herb from tubers, 1.5-4.5 cm long, with a few fibrous roots; stems 15-70 cm tall, more than 3 mm wide.
Basal 2 or 3, rarely 4, oblanceolate, 6-30 cm long, 1-7.5 cm wide, blunt-tipped; stem leaves bractlike.
Inflorescence a terminal, spikelike raceme, 3-40 cm long, usually densely-flowered, the flowers small, white to pale green, heavily scented; sepals 4-6.5 mm long, lanceolate, midvein dark green, the upper sepal more or less erect; petals 4-6 mm long, lanceolate, white or pale green with green midvein or base, spreading to erect; lip 3.5-6.5 mm long, lanceolate, more or less curved downward; spur 6-14 mm long, curved, pointed downward; column oblong, about twice as long as wide.
Capsules, ascending to erect, 5-11 mm long.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|CDF(1), ESSF(1), ICH(2), MH(2), MS(2)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Habenaria unalascensis subsp. elata (Jeps.) Calder
Habenaria unalascensis var. elata (Jeps.) Correll
Piperia elegans var. elata (Jeps.) Luer
Piperia lancifolia Rydb.
Piperia longispica Durand
Platanthera unalascensis subsp. elata (Jeps.) Roy L. Taylor & MacBryde